Pompeji was quite an ordinary Roman city – a prosperous city in southern Italy. There would hardly have been much interest for the city today, had it not been for the one-off, and fatal, event that took place on August 24 in 79 AD, when the volcano Vesuvius erupted.
In the course of 24 hours, Pompeji was buried under 4 to 5 m volcanic ash and pumice, and shrouded in toxic fumes, killing about 5,000 of the city’s 20,000 inhabitants. Today the city of Pompeji gives a fantastic picture of life in a Roman commercial city.
The ashes sealed the city as in a time capsule and therefore the ruins tell their own, silent story. There are preserved temples, theaters, baths, a large amphitheater, shops, brothels, streets, houses and much more. Even the graffiti from that time can be read on the walls.
Several (approx. 2000) citizens were immortalized in their moment of death as the ash layers created a capsule of cement around them.
The Pompeji tour gives a good insight into the structure and architecture of a Roman city, the political, business and private life in Rome. You will also get a good insight into the housing conditions of the upper class; large villas and country villas (villa dei Misteri) with murals, mosaics and many fountains (Casa dei Vettii). There are also preserved shops, for instance where the low-income shop owner lived with his family on the second floor.
The excavations of Pompeji have taken place since 1748, and have gradually changed character from plundering and treasure hunts to a systematic excavation of the area. Several areas of the city have still not been excavated. The idea is that they will not be excavated until new excavation- and preservation-techniques have been developed, as this will contribute to more information about the disaster in 79 AD.
The greatest examples of murals and mosaics have been removed from the houses and are now housed at the National Museum in Naples, along with a large part of other archaeological findings of Pompeji.
If you don’t want a guided tour, you just go to the entrance of the amphitheater.
We can book a tour with a local English-speaking guide for you, which is recommended, as it is not allowed to walk around on your own.
The tour to Pompeji is about 3 hours.
Important: to get half price on citypas týou need to email us a name list with all participants no later than 2 months prior departure. The list must be written on the school’s letterhead with address, school name and the school’s contact information. Please bring a copy of the document on the tour as well.